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Sensors and Materials, Volume 31, Number 7(3) (2019)
Copyright(C) MYU K.K.
S&M1937 Research Paper of Special Issue
Published: July 30, 2019
Identification of Xinyang Maojian Tea Taste Using Electronic Tongue [PDF]
Hongmei Zhang, Guangyu Zou, Xinping Liu, Yanzhong Xiao, and Wanzhang Wang
(Received December 21, 2018; Accepted March 6, 2019)
Keywords: Xinyang Maojian tea, aftertaste, principal component analysis, linear discriminant analysis, support vector machine
The taste of Xinyang Maojian tea was tested using an electronic tongue to conduct a correlation analysis between the taste and quality of tea. It was determined that the astringent aftertaste had a significant relationship with the quality of tea (p < 0.01). The aftertaste properties of tea were evaluated before and after adding bitter, astringent, and rich (fresh aftertaste) aftertastes to six types of tea, and compared by principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA). PCA and LDA results were affected by the aftertaste attributes of tea soup. After the addition of aftertaste, the classification effect of PCA was reduced, and that of LDA was improved. After introducing aftertaste, LDA had the best effect on tea differentiation. Finally, a support vector machine (SVM) model was established for tea grade evaluation based on the tea aftertaste and basic taste attributes. The values of the SVM penalty function c and kernel function search radius g were optimized by the grid search and particle swarm optimization (PSO) methods, respectively, to compare the classification performance characteristics of the two optimization methods. The grid search method was used to analyze the global classification effect, which had a heavy calculation burden and was unable to achieve further optimization near the optimum point. The PSO method had iterative characteristics and it was easier to determine the optimal point. The classification accuracies of the training and test sets of the grid search method were 86.11 and 87.5%, respectively, and those of the training and test sets of the PSO method both reached 100%, indicating the superiority of the PSO method over the grid search method. In conclusion, the effectiveness of an electronic tongue for distinguishing the quality of Xinyang Maojian tea was demonstrated.
Corresponding author: Hongmei Zhang
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Cite this article
Hongmei Zhang, Guangyu Zou, Xinping Liu, Yanzhong Xiao, and Wanzhang Wang, Identification of Xinyang Maojian Tea Taste Using Electronic Tongue, Sens. Mater., Vol. 31, No. 7, 2019, p. 2347-2356.
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