Notice of retraction
Vol. 32, No. 8(2), S&M2292

Print: ISSN 0914-4935
Online: ISSN 2435-0869
Sensors and Materials
is an international peer-reviewed open access journal to provide a forum for researchers working in multidisciplinary fields of sensing technology.
Sensors and Materials
is covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics), Scopus (Elsevier), and other databases.

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Haptic Feedback to Detect Obstacles in Multiple Regions for Visually Impaired and Blind People

Aaron Raymond See, Leonheart Van M. Costillas, Welsey Daniel C. Advincula, and Nilo T. Bugtai

(Received December 14, 2021; Accepted January 27, 2021)

Keywords: visually impaired and blind people (VIBs), haptic interface, robot operating system (ROS), localized obstacle detection

Focus on the development of assistive devices for visually impaired and blind people (VIBs) to provide assistance in their safety and mobility has increased, but making such devices portable is still a challenge. We propose a system for localized obstacle avoidance with a haptic-based interface for VIBs implemented using a robotic operating system (ROS) to improve the obstacle detection of existing assistive devices. Using a depth camera sensor, an obstacle localization algorithm was developed utilizing the ROS framework to identify key regions to detect head-level, left/right torso-level, and left/right ground-level obstacles. The proposed wearable device provides a discernible array of haptic feedback to convey the perceived locations of obstacles. The system was tested by blindfolded volunteers to determine the accuracy in determining object locations in various environments. Experimental results showed the consistency of the system across different setups. The obstacle detection algorithm was optimized and evaluated to discriminate noises and concurrently detect smaller obstacles, thus making detection more robust. Subsequently, the Eulerian video magnification method was used to determine the level of vibration isolation for a prototype.

Corresponding author: Aaron Raymond See

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