Notice of retraction
Vol. 32, No. 8(2), S&M2292

ISSN (print) 0914-4935
ISSN (online) 2435-0869
Sensors and Materials
is an international peer-reviewed open access journal to provide a forum for researchers working in multidisciplinary fields of sensing technology.
Sensors and Materials
is covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics), Scopus (Elsevier), and other databases.

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Comprehensive Review on Application of Machine Learning Algorithms for Water Quality Parameter Estimation Using Remote Sensing Data [PDF]

Nimisha Wagle, Tri Dev Acharya, and Dong Ha Lee

(Received May 29, 2020; Accepted October 1, 2020)

Keywords: remote sensing, water quality parameters, machine learning, estimation, review

Water is an integral aspect of the world necessary for living creatures to thrive. Owing to unplanned urbanization, rapid industrialization, and uncontrollable human intervention, water quality is gradually degrading. This affects not only marine animals but also humans. Thus, the quality of water should be examined regularly. Water quality parameters should be estimated to monitor water quality. In general, water quality parameters are measured by in situ measurements. Although these measurements are accurate, they are costly and do not provide real-time spatial and temporal changes in water quality. To overcome this limitation, water quality parameters can be estimated using machine learning (ML) along with remote sensing (RS) data. A combination of ML and RS data is a powerful approach for the routine assessment of spatial and temporal variations in water quality parameters. In this paper, some articles based on this approach are reviewed. By analyzing the literature, it was found that the integrated use of RS-based geospatial data with ML helps to produce an accurate result. Most of the authors used the regression algorithm in the estimation of the water quality parameters, with a support vector machine (SVM) regression intensively used. The artificial neural network (ANN) algorithm was the most used algorithm of ML in many of the studies. The researchers used multispectral images for their study. By applying ML to RS data, water quality monitoring systems are evolving into real-time artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled models that provide valuable recommendations and insights to support farmers to make decisions and take action in aquaculture.

Corresponding author: Dong Ha Lee

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