ISSN (print) 0914-4935
ISSN (online) 2435-0869
Sensors and Materials
is an international peer-reviewed open access journal to provide a forum for researchers working in multidisciplinary fields of sensing technology.
Sensors and Materials
is covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics), Scopus (Elsevier), and other databases.

Instructions to authors
English    日本語

Instructions for manuscript preparation
English    日本語

Template
English

Publisher
 MYU K.K.
 Sensors and Materials
 1-23-3-303 Sendagi,
 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0022, Japan
 Tel: 81-3-3827-8549
 Fax: 81-3-3827-8547

MYU Research, a scientific publisher, seeks a native English-speaking proofreader with a scientific background. B.Sc. or higher degree is desirable. In-office position; work hours negotiable. Call 03-3827-8549 for further information.


MYU Research

(proofreading and recording)


MYU K.K.
(translation service)


The Art of Writing Scientific Papers

(How to write scientific papers)
(Japanese Only)

Copyright(C) MYU K.K.

3D Modeling of Urban Facility Using Point Cloud Data for Realization of Smart City

Joon Kyu Park and Keun Wang Lee

(Received April 26, 2020; Accepted June 19, 2020)

Keywords: 3D laser scanner, accuracy analysis, point cloud, shape matching, registration

Among the structures that make up a smart city, tunnels are recognized as an important facility in the US and Canada as an infrastructure for the construction of an eco-friendly city. Total station surveying takes a long time to acquire data and has the disadvantage that the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) needs to be able to receive satellites in tunnel surveying. Recently, 3D laser scanners have been attracting attention as a new technology to compensate for the disadvantages of a small amount of data and a long measurement time of the total station. Three-dimensional laser scanners can be used in various fields. In civil engineering, research and application methods often use 3D laser scanners. Because tunnel surveying is difficult in a GNSS survey due to site conditions, total station surveying has been mainly used. As total station surveying takes a lot of time to acquire data, the use of 3D laser scanners for tunnel surveying has recently been increasing. However, when using a 3D laser scanner, a large number of reference points must be installed inside the tunnel for registration and geo-referencing of acquired data. As a new technology, a shape matching method has been introduced in the field of scanning sensors, and its use is expected. In this study, a tunnel survey using a 3D laser scanner was performed and its utility was evaluated. Also, the accuracy of the shape registration method for recent registration was analyzed. The scanning data was acquired by configuring a traverse using the total station function and compared with 10 checkpoints already installed for accuracy verification. As a result of the accuracy evaluation by comparison with the checkpoints, the maximum error was within 6 cm in the N, E, and H directions, and these results indicate the plane and elevation allowable accuracy of a 1:1000 digital map, suggesting the applicability of the method using the reference point performance and the laser scanning data. Using scan data, not only analysis of the cross section but also continuous analysis of the shape of the scanning section is possible. An additional evaluation of the accuracy of shape matching of the 3D laser scanner data was performed. Using the scanning data acquired five times, geo-referencing of the data acquired at the first station was performed, and then the data obtained was registered by the shape matching method. A maximum of error of 1 m occurred at the end of the data. This indicates that the accuracy of the shape registration can be degraded if the same shape is repeated, such as in a tunnel. Therefore, in tunnel surveying, it is judged that the construction of the data only by shape matching may lower the accuracy. Further research can improve the accuracy of the shape registration method, which will improve the efficiency of tunnel surveying.

Corresponding author: Keun Wang Lee




Forthcoming Regular Issues


Forthcoming Special Issues

Special Issue on the International Multi-Conference on Engineering and Technology Innovation 2019 (IMETI2019) (2)
Guest editor, Wen-Hsiang Hsieh (National Formosa University)
Conference website


Special Issue on Advanced Micro- and Nanomaterials for Various Sensor Applications (Selected Papers from ICASI 2019)
Guest editor, Sheng-Joue Young (National Formosa University), Shoou-Jinn Chang (National Cheng Kung University), Liang-Wen Ji (National Formosa University), and Yu-Jen Hsiao (Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology)
Conference website


Special Issue on On-Site Energy
Guest editor, Hiroki Kuwano (Tohoku University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on CMOS-driven Biomedical Innovations
Guest editor, Kiichi Niitsu (Nagoya University)


Special Issue on Novel Sensing Technologies for Point of Care, Home Care, and Personal Health Care
Guest editor, Yu-Lin Wang (National Tsing Hua University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Perceptual Deep Learning in Computer Vision and its Application
Guest editor, Chih-Hsien Hsia (National Ilan University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Advanced Materials on Electronic and Mechanical Devices and their Application on Sensors (5)
Guest editor, Teen-Hang Meen (National Formosa University), Wenbing Zhao (Cleveland State University), and Cheng-Fu Yang (National University of Kaohsiung)


Special Issue on Advances in Shape Memory Materials
Guest editor, Ryosuke Matsui (Aichi Institute of Technology) and Hiroyuki Miki (Tohoku University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Materials, Devices, Circuits, and Analytical Methods for Various Sensors (3)
Guest editor, Chien-Jung Huang (National University of Kaohsiung), Cheng-Hsing Hsu (National United University), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), and Wei-Ling Hsu (Huaiyin Normal University)
Conference website


Special Issue on Sensing Technologies and Their Applications
Guest editor, Rey-Chue Hwang (I-Shou University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on New Trends in Smart Sensor Systems
Guest editor, Takahiro Hayashi (Kansai University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Optical Sensors: Novel Materials, Approaches, and Applications
Guest editor, Yap Wing Fen (Universiti Putra Malaysia)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Micro nano Biomedical Sensors, Devices, and Materials
Guest editor, Tetsuji Dohi (Chuo University) and Seiichi Takamatsu (The University of Tokyo)
Call for paper


Special Issue on International Conference on BioSensors, BioElectronics, BioMedical Devices, BioMEMS/NEMS and Applications 2019 (Bio4Apps 2019)
Guest editor, Hirofumi Nogami and Masaya Miyazaki (Kyushu University)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence in Sensing Technologies and Systems
Guest editor, Prof. Lin Lin (Dalian University of Technology)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Geomatics Technologies for the Realization of Smart Cities
Guest editor, He Huang and XiangLei Liu (Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Cyber–Physical Systems (CPS) and Internet of Things (IoT)
Guest editor, Yutaka Arakawa (Kyushu University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Advanced Micro and Nanomaterials for various Sensor Applications (Selected Papers from ICASI 2020)
Guest editor, Sheng-Joue Young (National Formosa University), Shoou-Jinn Chang (National Cheng Kung University), Liang-Wen Ji (National Formosa University), and Yu-Jen Hsiao (Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on High-sensitivity Sensors and Sensors for Difficult-to-measure Objects
Guest editor, Ki Ando (Tokyo Denki University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Biological Odor Sensing System and Their Applications
Guest editor, Takeshi Sakurai (Tokyo University of Agriculture)
Call for paper


Special Issue on High-Voltage Current and Voltage Sensors, Measurement Techniques, and Applications
Guest editor, Peerawut Yutthagowith (King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Sensing and Data Analysis Technologies for Living Environment, Health Care, Production Management and Engineering/Science Education Applications
Guest editor, Rey-Chue Hwang (I-Shou University), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), Ba-Son Nguyen (Research Center for Applied Sciences)
Call for paper


Special issue on advanced fabrication technologies and applications of flexible and deformable devices
Guest editor, Van Dau and Hoang-Phuong Phan (Griffith University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on New Trends in Robots and Their Applications
Guest editor, Ikuo Yamamoto (Nagasaki University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies for Power and Renewable Energy Systems
Guest editor, Shiue Der Lu , Meng Hui Wang, Kuei Hsiang Chao, and Her Terng Yau (National Chin-Yi University of Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Intelligent Sensing Control Analysis Optimization and Automation
Guest editor, Cheng-Chi Wang (National Pingtung University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Materials, Devices, Circuits, and Analytical Methods for Various Sensors (Selected Papers from ICSEVEN 2020)
Guest editor, Chien-Jung Huang (National University of Kaohsiung), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), and Yu-Ju Lin (Tunghai University)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special issue on Novel Materials and Sensing Technologies on Electronic and Mechanical Devices
Guest editor, Teen-Hang Meen (National Formosa University), Wenbing Zhao (Cleveland State University), and Hsien-Wei Tseng (Longyan University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Physical and Chemical Sensors
Guest editor, Vijayakumar Varadarajan (The University of New South Wales, Australia) and Sergey Y. Yurish (IFSA, Spain)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Sensors for Industry 4.0
Guest editor, Vijayakumar Varadarajan (The University of New South Wales, Australia) and Sergey Y. Yurish (IFSA, Spain)
Conference website
Call for paper



Copyright(C) MYU K.K.