ISSN (print) 0914-4935
ISSN (online) 2435-0869
Sensors and Materials
is an international peer-reviewed open access journal to provide a forum for researchers working in multidisciplinary fields of sensing technology.
Sensors and Materials
is covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics), Scopus (Elsevier), and other databases.

Instructions to authors
English    日本語

Instructions for manuscript preparation
English    日本語


 Sensors and Materials
 1-23-3-303 Sendagi,
 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0022, Japan
 Tel: 81-3-3827-8549
 Fax: 81-3-3827-8547

MYU Research, a scientific publisher, seeks a native English-speaking proofreader with a scientific background. B.Sc. or higher degree is desirable. In-office position; work hours negotiable. Call 03-3827-8549 for further information.

MYU Research

(proofreading and recording)

(translation service)

The Art of Writing Scientific Papers

(How to write scientific papers)
(Japanese Only)

Sensors and Materials, Volume 31, Number 6(1) (2019)
Copyright(C) MYU K.K.
pp. 1905-1916
S&M1906 Research Paper of Special Issue
Published: June 7, 2019

Small Gardening Robot with Decision-making Watering System [PDF]

Pikulkaew Tangtisanon

(Received November 1, 2018; Accepted February 26, 2019)

Keywords: gardening robot, fuzzy, android, smartphone, small robot

At present, people who live in the countryside tend to move downtown in order to get jobs. As a consequence, only elders and children live in their hometowns with plenty of land left uncultivated. The aim of this research is to build cheap small gardening robots to help people grow plants in small yards as a hobby via a long-distance communication system. In this research, two robots composed of Raspberry Pi and ESP32 microcontrollers, which are low-price controller boards and convenient to buy within the country, were constructed. The robots can be controlled from long distances using Android smartphones. The capacities of the two robots with the two types of microcontroller are compared and discussed. To measure the soil moisture content, two types of moisture sensor, which are capacitive and resistive sensors, were implemented in this project. There are two main functions of the proposed model, which are weed cutting and watering plants. Moreover, a decision-making watering system was implemented and connected to moisture sensors and sprinkler controllers placed in the user’s garden. The robots were placed in the northern region of Thailand, while the user stayed in the central region and remotely controlled them with a smartphone for three months. The results show that the automatic watering system is better than a manual watering system since the plant growth rate for the automatic watering system was 20% higher than that for the manual watering system.

Corresponding author: Pikulkaew Tangtisanon

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Cite this article
Pikulkaew Tangtisanon, Small Gardening Robot with Decision-making Watering System, Sens. Mater., Vol. 31, No. 6, 2019, p. 1905-1916.

Forthcoming Regular Issues

Forthcoming Special Issues

Special Issue on Design, Fabrication, Characterization, and Application MEMS
Guest editor, Hiroyuki Fujita (Tokyo City University)

Special Issue on Magnetic Sensors and Applications & Regular Issue
Guest editor, Keiji Tsukada (Okayama University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Selected Papers from AUTO2018 and IS3C2018 (2)
Guest editor, Hsiung-Cheng Lin (National Chin-Yi University of Technology)

Special Issue on New Trend of Robotics and Applications
Guest editor, Ikuo Yamamoto (Nagasaki University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Universal Power Supply Technologies for Trillion Sensors Era
Guest editor, Keiji Takeuchi (NTT Data Institute of Management Consulting, Inc.)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Sensors and Materials in Manufacturing
Guest editor, Ming Yang (Tokyo Metropolitan University) and Masao Murakawa (Nippon Institute of Technology)

Special Issue on Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies for Sustainable Development
Guest editor, Dong Ha Lee and Tri Dev Acharya (Kangwon National University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on CMOS-driven Biomedical Innovations
Guest editor, Kiichi Niitsu (Nagoya University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Smart Sensing Technology and Materials for Smart Industry and Environmental Applications
Guest editor, Somyot Kaitwanidvilai (King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Sensor Fusion and Environment Perception for Autonomous Systems
Guest editor, Chenguang Yang (University of the West of England, Bristol)
Call for paper

Special Issue on International Conference on BioSensors, BioElectronics, BioMedical Devices, BioMEMS/NEMS and Applications 2018/2019 (Bio4Apps 2018/2019)
Guest editor, Xiaojun Han (Harbin Institute of Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper

Special Issue on Environmental Sensing
Guest editor, Hiroshi Aoki and Tetsuya Nakazato (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, AIST)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Advanced Materials on Electronic and Mechanical Devices and their Application on Sensors
Guest editor, Teen-Hang Meen (National Formosa University), Wenbing Zhao (Cleveland State University), and Cheng-Fu Yang (National University of Kaohsiung)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Advanced Micro and Nanomaterials for various Sensor Applications (Selected Papers from ICASI 2019)
Guest editor, Sheng-Joue Young (National Formosa University), Shoou-Jinn Chang (National Cheng Kung University), Liang-Wen Ji (National Formosa University), and Yu-Jen Hsiao (Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper

Special Issue on Innovation in Smart Sensing Control, Metrology, Optimization and Intelligent Automation
Guest editor, Cheng-Chi Wang (National Chin-Yi University of Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper

Special Issue on Materials, Devices, Circuits, Analytical Methods for Various Sensors (Selected Papers from ICSEVEN 2019)
Guest editor, Chien-Jung Huang (National University of Kaohsiung), Cheng-Hsing Hsu (National United University), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), and Wei-Ling Hsu (Huaiyin Normal University)
Conference website
Call for paper

Special Issue on Biological Odor Sensing System and Their Applications
Guest editor, Takeshi Sakurai (Tokyo University of Agriculture)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Software, Algorithms, and Applications Using Sensors and Networks
Guest editor, Yoshito Tobe (Aoyama Gakuin University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Novel Sensing Technologies for Point of Care, Home Care, and Personal Health Care
Guest editor, Yu-Lin Wang (National Tsing Hua University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Advances in Shape Memory Materials
Guest editor, Ryosuke Matsui (Aichi Institute of Technology) and Hiroyuki Miki (Tohoku University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Sensing in Medical Robots
Guest editor, Kenji Kawashima (Tokyo Medical and Dental University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on Optical Sensors: Novel Materials, Approaches, and Applications
Guest editor, Yap Wing Fen (Universiti Putra Malaysia)
Call for paper

Special Issue on New Trends in Smart Sensor Systems
Guest editor, Takahiro Hayashi (Kansai University)
Call for paper

Copyright(C) MYU K.K.