Notice of retraction
Vol. 32, No. 8(2), S&M2292

ISSN (print) 0914-4935
ISSN (online) 2435-0869
Sensors and Materials
is an international peer-reviewed open access journal to provide a forum for researchers working in multidisciplinary fields of sensing technology.
Sensors and Materials
is covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics), Scopus (Elsevier), and other databases.

Instructions to authors
English    日本語

Instructions for manuscript preparation
English    日本語


 Sensors and Materials
 1-23-3-303 Sendagi,
 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0022, Japan
 Tel: 81-3-3827-8549
 Fax: 81-3-3827-8547

MYU Research, a scientific publisher, seeks a native English-speaking proofreader with a scientific background. B.Sc. or higher degree is desirable. In-office position; work hours negotiable. Call 03-3827-8549 for further information.

MYU Research

(proofreading and recording)

(translation service)

The Art of Writing Scientific Papers

(How to write scientific papers)
(Japanese Only)

Sensors and Materials, Volume 32, Number 6(1) (2020)
Copyright(C) MYU K.K.
pp. 2031-2043
S&M2238 Research Paper of Special Issue
Published: June 10, 2020

Navigation System for Indoor Parking Based on Visible Light Communication [PDF]

Mai Qiang and Hsu Chun-Liang

(Received November 30, 2019; Accepted April 20, 2020)

Keywords: visible light communication, indoor positioning, proximity method, fingerprint method

Parking difficulties are becoming increasingly prominent in cities with the rapid growth of car ownership and ineffective indoor position of global positioning system (GPS). We propose that visible light indoor positioning technology, with the use of LED lamps as communication equipment, can be applied to indoor parking lots to achieve high-precision navigation. In our system, the parking occupancy information is detected by reflective infrared sensors and modulated with light ID codes into LED lamps. PIN photodiode (PD) sensors receive light information and detect light intensity, then with the combined use of proximity and fingerprint methods to calculate the position coordinates, real-time positioning and navigation in indoor parking lots can be achieved. Our experiments have proved that when the LED light intensity is greater than 180 lux and the communication distance is less than 3 m, the communication requirements can be met. Through continuous positioning trajectory testing, it was found that the combination of the proximity and fingerprint methods has higher positioning accuracy than the proximity method alone and can meet the needs of indoor parking positioning and navigation.

Corresponding author: Mai Qiang

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Cite this article
Mai Qiang and Hsu Chun-Liang, Navigation System for Indoor Parking Based on Visible Light Communication, Sens. Mater., Vol. 32, No. 6, 2020, p. 2031-2043.

Forthcoming Regular Issues

Forthcoming Special Issues

Special Issue on Perceptual Deep Learning in Computer Vision and its Application
Guest editor, Chih-Hsien Hsia (National Ilan University)

Special issue on Novel Materials and Sensing Technologies on Electronic and Mechanical Devices (1)
Guest editor, Teen-Hang Meen (National Formosa University), Wenbing Zhao (Cleveland State University), and Hsien-Wei Tseng (Longyan University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on New Trends in Smart Sensor Systems
Guest editor, Takahiro Hayashi (Kansai University)
Call for paper

Special Issue on International Conference on BioSensors, BioElectronics, BioMedical Devices, BioMEMS/NEMS and Applications 2019 (Bio4Apps 2019)
Guest editor, Hirofumi Nogami and Masaya Miyazaki (Kyushu University)
Conference website
Call for paper

Special Issue on Materials, Devices, Circuits, and Analytical Methods for Various Sensors (4)
Guest editor, Chien-Jung Huang (National University of Kaohsiung), Cheng-Hsing Hsu (National United University), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), and Wei-Ling Hsu (Huaiyin Normal University)
Conference website

Special Issue on Geomatics Technologies for the Realization of Smart Cities
Guest editor, He Huang and XiangLei Liu (Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture)
Call for paper

Copyright(C) MYU K.K. All Rights Reserved.