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Sensors and Materials
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Beer Taste Detection Based on Electronic Tongue

Hongmei Zhang, Guangyu Zou, Wanru Liu, and Zheng Zhou

(Received November 15, 2019; Accepted April 1, 2020)

Keywords: electronic tongue, beer, principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), BP neural network

We attempted to detect the five tastes in four different commercially available brands of beer using an electronic tongue and conducted a statistical analysis on their alcohol contents, original wort concentrations, and pH values. Statistical methods, including principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and a backpropagation (BP) neural network, were used to identify and classify the four beer brands. According to PCA, in the five taste indicators of the four brands of beer, the contribution rates of the first and second principal components were 56.73 and 34.46% respectively; the beer was oxidized to a certain extent with increasing detection time. The results of LDA confirmed the high sensitivity of the electronic tongue sensors to beer tastes as the four brands were effectively identified by distinguishing the taste differences among them. The results of the BP neural network suggested that its predictive accuracy for the five tastes in the four brands can achieve 100% subject to the conformity between the measured and predicted values. The stepwise regression model established in our study could be effective for accurately predicting the original wort concentration of beer. The determination coefficients of the original wort concentration modeling set and the validation set were 0.99 and 0.96, and the root-mean-square errors were 0.06 and 0.41, respectively. As demonstrated by its high sensitivity in analyzing the tastes of four different beer brands, the electronic tongue can effectively distinguish the taste differences among different beers.

Corresponding author: Hongmei Zhang




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