S&M2177 Research Paper of Special Issue
Published: April 10, 2020
Flexible Bus Route Setting and Scheduling Optimization Adapted to Spatial-temporal Variation of Passenger Flow [PDF]
Shao-Wei Li, Yong Li, Jing-Feng Yang, Cheng-Tao Cao, Ji Yang, Jie-Hua Song, and Liang Huang
(Received August 15, 2019; Accepted February 12, 2020)
Keywords: flexible public transport, passenger flow, spatial-temporal distribution, Internet of Things, segment scheduling
Toward resolving the problems of traditional public transport services in the case of low-density passenger flow, including high empty-loading rate, long waiting time, high operation cost, and so forth, in this paper, we propose a flexible public transport system adapted to the spatial-temporal variation of passenger flow, which takes advantage of modern information technology such as the Internet of Things and mobile Internet. This approach adopts a response mode based on requests from passengers and the automatic sensing mode of the Internet of Things to obtain dynamic information of passengers in real time and extracts the characteristics of passenger origination destination and their spatial-temporal distributions, which are used to classify the types of bus stops and formulate a parking strategy. From the aspects of vehicle scheduling, segmented scheduling and priority to unresponsive passengers in the previous vehicle are adopted, and the optimal scheduling model is established from the three aspects of total passenger income, interference loss of existing passengers, and the operation cost of the enterprise. The genetic algorithm is used to find the optimal route, and a simulation experiment based on the No. 214 bus in Guangzhou is performed for verification. The results show that the flexible public transport and scheduling method adapted to the spatial-temporal variation of passenger flow improves the revenue and expenditure ratio in comparison with the conventional flexible and traditional bus system, making it an effective way to solve the problem of public transport services in the case of low-density passenger flow.
Corresponding author: Shao-Wei Li
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Cite this article
Shao-Wei Li, Yong Li, Jing-Feng Yang, Cheng-Tao Cao, Ji Yang, Jie-Hua Song, and Liang Huang, Flexible Bus Route Setting and Scheduling Optimization Adapted to Spatial-temporal Variation of Passenger Flow, Sens. Mater., Vol. 32, No. 4, 2020, p. 1293-1309.