ISSN (print) 0914-4935
ISSN (online) 2435-0869
Sensors and Materials
is an international peer-reviewed open access journal to provide a forum for researchers working in multidisciplinary fields of sensing technology.
Sensors and Materials
is covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics), Scopus (Elsevier), and other databases.

Instructions to authors
English    日本語

Instructions for manuscript preparation
English    日本語

Template
English

Publisher
 MYU K.K.
 Sensors and Materials
 1-23-3-303 Sendagi,
 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0022, Japan
 Tel: 81-3-3827-8549
 Fax: 81-3-3827-8547

MYU Research, a scientific publisher, seeks a native English-speaking proofreader with a scientific background. B.Sc. or higher degree is desirable. In-office position; work hours negotiable. Call 03-3827-8549 for further information.


MYU Research

(proofreading and recording)


MYU K.K.
(translation service)


The Art of Writing Scientific Papers

(How to write scientific papers)
(Japanese Only)

Copyright(C) MYU K.K.
pp. 1293-1309
S&M2177 Research Paper of Special Issue

Flexible Bus Route Setting and Scheduling Optimization Adapted to Spatial-temporal Variation of Passenger Flow

Shao-Wei Li, Yong Li, Jing-Feng Yang, Cheng-Tao Cao, Ji Yang, Jie-Hua Song, and Liang Huang

(Received August 15, 2019; Accepted February 12, 2020)

Keywords: flexible public transport, passenger flow, spatial-temporal distribution, Internet of Things, segment scheduling

Toward resolving the problems of traditional public transport services in the case of low-density passenger flow, including high empty-loading rate, long waiting time, high operation cost, and so forth, in this paper, we propose a flexible public transport system adapted to the spatial-temporal variation of passenger flow, which takes advantage of modern information technology such as the Internet of Things and mobile Internet. This approach adopts a response mode based on requests from passengers and the automatic sensing mode of the Internet of Things to obtain dynamic information of passengers in real time and extracts the characteristics of passenger origination destination and their spatial-temporal distributions, which are used to classify the types of bus stops and formulate a parking strategy. From the aspects of vehicle scheduling, segmented scheduling and priority to unresponsive passengers in the previous vehicle are adopted, and the optimal scheduling model is established from the three aspects of total passenger income, interference loss of existing passengers, and the operation cost of the enterprise. The genetic algorithm is used to find the optimal route, and a simulation experiment based on the No. 214 bus in Guangzhou is performed for verification. The results show that the flexible public transport and scheduling method adapted to the spatial-temporal variation of passenger flow improves the revenue and expenditure ratio in comparison with the conventional flexible and traditional bus system, making it an effective way to solve the problem of public transport services in the case of low-density passenger flow.

Corresponding author: Shao-Wei Li




Forthcoming Regular Issues


Forthcoming Special Issues

Special Issue on Sensor Fusion and Environment Perception for Autonomous Systems
Guest editor, Chenguang Yang (University of the West of England, Bristol)


6th Special Issue on the Workshop of Next-generation Front-edge Optical Science Research
Guest editor, Takayuki Yanagida (Nara Institute of Science and Technology) and Hidehito Nanto (Kanazawa Institute of Technology)


Special Issue on Advanced Materials on Electronic and Mechanical Devices and their Application on Sensors (3)
Guest editor, Teen-Hang Meen (National Formosa University), Wenbing Zhao (Cleveland State University), and Cheng-Fu Yang (National University of Kaohsiung)


Special Issue on the International Multi-Conference on Engineering and Technology Innovation 2019 (IMETI2019)
Guest editor, Wen-Hsiang Hsieh (National Formosa University)
Conference website


Special Issue on Materials, Devices, Circuits, and Analytical Methods for Various Sensors (2)
Guest editor, Chien-Jung Huang (National University of Kaohsiung), Cheng-Hsing Hsu (National United University), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), and Wei-Ling Hsu (Huaiyin Normal University)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Advanced Micro and Nanomaterials for various Sensor Applications (Selected Papers from ICASI 2019)
Guest editor, Sheng-Joue Young (National Formosa University), Shoou-Jinn Chang (National Cheng Kung University), Liang-Wen Ji (National Formosa University), and Yu-Jen Hsiao (Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Advanced Materials on Electronic and Mechanical Devices and their Application on Sensors (4)
Guest editor, Teen-Hang Meen (National Formosa University), Wenbing Zhao (Cleveland State University), and Cheng-Fu Yang (National University of Kaohsiung)
Call for paper


Special Issue on CMOS-driven Biomedical Innovations
Guest editor, Kiichi Niitsu (Nagoya University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Novel Sensing Technologies for Point of Care, Home Care, and Personal Health Care
Guest editor, Yu-Lin Wang (National Tsing Hua University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on On-Site Energy
Guest editor, Hiroki Kuwano (Tohoku University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Perceptual Deep Learning in Computer Vision and its Application
Guest editor, Chih-Hsien Hsia (National Ilan University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Sensing Technologies and Their Applications
Guest editor, Rey-Chue Hwang (I-Shou University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Advances in Shape Memory Materials
Guest editor, Ryosuke Matsui (Aichi Institute of Technology) and Hiroyuki Miki (Tohoku University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Optical Sensors: Novel Materials, Approaches, and Applications
Guest editor, Yap Wing Fen (Universiti Putra Malaysia)
Call for paper


Special Issue on New Trends in Smart Sensor Systems
Guest editor, Takahiro Hayashi (Kansai University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Micro nano Biomedical Sensors, Devices, and Materials
Guest editor, Tetsuji Dohi (Chuo University) and Seiichi Takamatsu (The University of Tokyo)
Call for paper


Special Issue on International Conference on BioSensors, BioElectronics, BioMedical Devices, BioMEMS/NEMS and Applications 2019 (Bio4Apps 2019)
Guest editor, Hirofumi Nogami and Masaya Miyazaki (Kyushu University)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Advanced Micro and Nanomaterials for various Sensor Applications (Selected Papers from ICASI 2020)
Guest editor, Sheng-Joue Young (National Formosa University), Shoou-Jinn Chang (National Cheng Kung University), Liang-Wen Ji (National Formosa University), and Yu-Jen Hsiao (Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Geomatics Technologies for the Realization of Smart Cities
Guest editor, He Huang and XiangLei Liu (Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture)
Call for paper


Special Issue on High-sensitivity Sensors and Sensors for Difficult-to-measure Objects
Guest editor, Ki Ando (Tokyo Denki University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Biological Odor Sensing System and Their Applications
Guest editor, Takeshi Sakurai (Tokyo University of Agriculture)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Sensing and Data Analysis Technologies for Living Environment, Health Care, Production Management and Engineering/Science Education Applications
Guest editor, Rey-Chue Hwang (I-Shou University), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), Ba-Son Nguyen (Research Center for Applied Sciences)
Call for paper


Special issue on advanced fabrication technologies and applications of flexible and deformable devices
Guest editor, Van Dau and Hoang-Phuong Phan (Griffith University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies for Power and Renewable Energy Systems
Guest editor, Shiue Der Lu , Meng Hui Wang, Kuei Hsiang Chao, and Her Terng Yau (National Chin-Yi University of Technology)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special Issue on Intelligent Sensing Control Analysis Optimization and Automation
Guest editor, Cheng-Chi Wang (National Pingtung University)
Call for paper


Special Issue on Materials, Devices, Circuits, and Analytical Methods for Various Sensors (Selected Papers from ICSEVEN 2020)
Guest editor, Chien-Jung Huang (National University of Kaohsiung), Ja-Hao Chen (Feng Chia University), and Yu-Ju Lin (Tunghai University)
Conference website
Call for paper


Special issue on Novel Materials and Sensing Technologies on Electronic and Mechanical Devices
Guest editor, Teen-Hang Meen (National Formosa University), Wenbing Zhao (Cleveland State University), and Hsien-Wei Tseng (Longyan University)
Call for paper



Copyright(C) MYU K.K.