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Sensors and Materials
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Sensors and Materials, Volume 31, Number 8(2) (2019)
Copyright(C) MYU K.K.
pp. 2481-2496
S&M1950 Research Paper of Special Issue
https://doi.org/10.18494/SAM.2019.2316
Published in advance: May 21, 2019
Published: August 19, 2019

Influence of Pretreatment on Adhesion Quality of Supercritical-fluid-deposited Cu Film on Si [PDF]

Naoto Usami, Etsuko Ota, Takeshi Momose, Akio Higo, and Yoshio Mita

(Received January 28, 2019; Accepted April 18, 2019)

Keywords: supercritical fluid deposition (SCFD), Cu thin film, surface pretreatment, adhesion, tape test, high-aspect-ratio nanostructures (HARNS)

In this paper, we report on the impact of sample preparation methods on the adhesion reproducibility of thin films, considering future applications of supercritical fluid deposition (SCFD) to MEMS/NEMS with high-aspect-ratio micro- and nanostructures (HARMS/ HARNS). Our experiments revealed the importance of careful cleaning before SCFD. The Cu on the samples treated with appropriate cleaning and drying sequences could stick to the sample enduring the adhesive pull-out test. By using a silicon substrate, we confirmed that sample surface contaminations were reduced by cleaning, as observed by a decrease in the carbon peak in field emission Auger electron spectroscopy (FE-AES). At the same time, a subtle roughness increase (of 0.2 nm RMS) after a series of cleaning steps was confirmed by scanning probe microscopy (SPM/AFM) measurement. On the basis of the acquired knowledge, Cu SCFD on Si surfaces was studied. A relatively low temperature (130–150 °C) deposition condition was obtained, with which the produced Cu films exhibited high adhesion on all samples. The deposition of 100-nm-thick Cu was successfully demonstrated on the sidewalls of a Si trench with 450 nm width and 22.5 μm depth (aspect ratio of 50).

Corresponding author: Etsuko Ota


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Cite this article
Naoto Usami, Etsuko Ota, Takeshi Momose, Akio Higo, and Yoshio Mita, Influence of Pretreatment on Adhesion Quality of Supercritical-fluid-deposited Cu Film on Si, Sens. Mater., Vol. 31, No. 8, 2019, p. 2481-2496.



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