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Sensors and Materials, Volume 29, Number 3 (2017)
Copyright(C) MYU K.K. All Rights Reserved.
Online Published: March 15, 2017
Miniature Solid Tunable Lenses and Their Applications: A Review
Yongchao Zou, Fook Siong Chau, and Guangya Zhou
(Received August 1, 2016; Accepted October 26, 2016)
Keywords: optical design, lenses, optical micro-electromechanical devices, freeform optics, imaging systems
We present a systematic review of solid tunable lenses based on the Alvarez–Lohmann principle, which mainly focuses on the optimization, miniaturization, and integration of such solid tunable lenses in miniature applications. The progress of the modelling and design methods of such solid tunable lenses for optimum performance is summarized first. The development of various solid tunable lenses achieved using diverse driving mechanisms and different optimization methods is then illustrated by examples from current literature. The mechanisms, performance, and practicability of all these prototypes are presented in detail. The applications of such solid tunable lenses in miniature imaging systems are finally reviewed. Discussions of the problems and bottlenecks encountered in current research work and perspectives for future work in this field are given.
Corresponding author: Guangya Zhou
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